DECISION 328: Andean
Agricultural and Livestock Health
Basic Catalog of Exotic Pests and Diseases
Article 19: The Basic Catalog of
Exotic Pests and Diseases referred to in letter b) of Article II, shall
contain the names of the pests and diseases which have not been proved to
exist in the Subregion and which are characterized by causing considerable
harm to agricultural and livestock production by their easy dissemination,
costly control, difficult of being eradicated and represents a high risk
for the Subregion.
The Catalog shall also specify the causal
agents, vectors, if any, the animal group and vegetable species affected,
the products and by-products of agricultural and livestock origin and
generally the objects through which plagues and diseases can propagate.
The Catalog shall contain too a list of the countries affected by these
and shall be approve by a Joint Resolution (Addenda III-1 and III-2). The
Andean Technical Committee shall specify the contents of the Basic Catalog
of Plagues and Exotic Diseases in the Subregion and shall recommend it be
Article 20 : Based on the Basic
Catalog of Exotic Pests and Diseases, it is prohibited to import are into
the Subregion from affected third countries, of animals, plants and any
type of product, byproduct or objects capable of propagating said pests
The prohibition foreseen in the above
sub-paragraph does not include animals, plants, products, byproducts and
objects submitted to compliance with requisites and procedures indicated
in the Catalog, that assures their innocuousness and whose efficacy is
recognized by Member Countries.
Article 21 : When such is the case,
the Andean Technical Committee on Agricultural and Livestock Health shall
establish the requisites that must be complied with by a country that has
been affected by an exotic pest or disease in order to be recognized by
the subregion free from such a pest or disease and the Joint may approve
the pertinent modification of the Catalog.
Article 22: When a country needs to
import minor quantities of the products referred to in the previous
article or to deliberately intern for study and research, samples of any
type or individual biological ones that may host or transmit pests and
diseases, their entry into the country shall be carried out under the
supervision and exclusive responsibility of official sanitary services,
adjusted to the maximum precautions and securities to avoid contagion or
Article 23: Any Country Member or
the Andean Group may request modification of the Basic Catalog of Exotic
Pests and Diseases of the Subregion. To this end, the petitioning Member
Country shall remit the background and other facts to sustain their
The Joint shall inform the Member Countries
of the petition and the background documents received and shall require
their observations on same. The Member Countries shall present their
observations within a period of 45 calendar days, starting from the date
of request and background documents were sent by the Joint. Once the
observations are received, the Joint shall issue the corresponding
Subregional Sanitary Certificates and Permits
Article 24: Member Countries shall
continue utilizing the model of the Phytosanitary Certificate of the
International Phytosanitary Protection Convention in Rome, in both English
and Spanish. Moreover, it shall utilize the model of the Andean
Zoosanitary Certificate for Exportation, that appears in ANNEX III
of the present Decision.
The certificates issued by Member Countries
shall comply with the terms set out in letters f) and g) of Article 15 of
the present Decision, in order to be invoked to any other Member Country.
Phytosanitary and Zoosanitary Permits,
referred to in letter c) of Article II, shall be gradually replaced by
other systems for informing importers of the obligatory phytosanitary and
The Joint, at the request of any Member
Country whatsoever, shall adopt said requisites by a resolution, in
accordance with the procedures and terms stipulated in Section I of this
Chapter and Article 30 of the present Decision.
JOINT ACTION PROGRAMS
Article 25: Member Countries shall
undertake to carry out joint actions for executing sanitary programs and
the application of the Register of Phytosanitary and Zoosanitary Norms
they deem to be necessary. Such actions shall be concentrated
fundamentally on the following aspects:
a) Mutual assistance for combatting
and controlling pests that, affecting one country, present the threat of
contagion to its immediate neighbors or to other members of the Subregion:
b) Complementing available human and
c) Generating and transferring
technologies in order to combat and control diseases and pests that carry
within them risks to two or more countries;
d) Training programs for
professional personnel, field operators and sanitary inspectors, among
e) Foster sanitary practices in
order to support compliance with production and supply programs, that
could be derived from entering into accords and commercial agreements that
are established within the general framework of the agricultural and
livestock integration programs;
f) Foster to carry out integrated
programs to handle pests and the establishment of multiplication centers
for natural enemies of these, according to their advantages in maintaining
the ecological balances within the Subregion;
g) Organize an Andean Network of
Diagnostic Laboratories with national and subregional Reference
Laboratories, on agricultural and livestock aspects; and
h) Other activities approved by the
Joint at the suggestion of the Andean Technical Committee.
Article 26 : Based on the
recommendations formulated by the Agriculture and Livestock Council, upon
prior consultation with the Andean Technical Committee on Agriculture and
Livestock Health, priority actions will be established, as well as
financing for same and the requirements for cooperation on sanitary
programs. Moreover, mechanisms shall be determined for the functioning of
the coordinated effort made when faced with emergency situations.
Joint Action Programs to be executed in the
future, shall be approved by Decision of the Cartagena Agreement
Commission, as proposed by The Joint, in accordance with the opinion of
the Ministers of Agriculture.
ANDEAN TECHNICAL COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURAL AND LIVESTOCK HEALTH
Article 27: There shall be created
the Andean Technical Committee on Agricultural and Livestock Health
(hereinafter to be called simply COTASA), that shall be composed by the
Chairmen of the National Committees of Animal Health and Plant Protection
Member Countries referred to in Article 29 of the present Decision, or by
the representatives designated by the latter. In any case these shall be
professionals with decision-making power on matters connected to
agricultural and livestock health services of the Member Country they
Article 28: Upon prior convening of
the Joint, the Committee shall meet in Ordinary Session once a year, and
in Extraordinary Session whenever so requested by a Member Country, the
Joint, the Agricultural and Livestock Council or the Commission.
COTASA may meet with the attendance of the
Animal Health and Plant Protection Directors, depending on the subject to
be dealt with. COTASA's functions are specified in ANNEX IV
of the present Decision.
The Joint shall act as Technical
Secretariat for the Andean Technical Committee on Agriculture and
Livestock Health. This position shall be held by a high level expert
specialized in agricultural and livestock health.
NATIONAL COMMITTEES ON AGRICULTURAL AND LIVESTOCK HEALTH
Article 29: Each Member Country
shall create the National Committees that shall be composed by the
Directors of Animal Health and Plant Protection and by representatives of
other agencies of the public and private sectors linked to agriculture and
The Chair of the National Committee shall be
filled by the Director of either Animal Health or of Plant Protection. The
responsibilities of the Chairman shall be established by each Member
Country in its internal Regulations.
PROCEDURES AND TERMS FOR THE GENERAL INDEX OF SANITARY REGULATIONS,
SUBREGIONAL REGISTER AND BASIC CATALOG OF PESTS AND DISEASES
Article 30: The procedures and terms
for information on new entries in the General Index of Sanitary Regulations,
the Subregional Register and the Basic Catalog of Exotic Pests and Diseases,
shall be as follows:
a) General Index
The Member Countries shall have delivered to
The Joint the summaries of the official texts of the national sanitary
regulations, their modifications and changes, not later than six days after
publication in the Official newspaper of the Member Country and remitted in
the manner indicated in Article 4 of the present Decision.
When administrative changes or
reorganizations occur that assign the preparation and the updated
maintenance of the information that should be supplied to the Joint, to
services other than those mentioned, these shall be considered as new
changes and shall be reported for the information of other Member Countries.
b) Subregional Register of Sanitary
Member Countries shall register all the
sanitary regulations, modifications and changes thereto, that are used for
the handling of intra-subregional trade and with other countries, of
agricultural and livestock articles and products that, by their nature,
require sanitary precautions.
Regardless of the terms set out in Section I
of Chapter VI of the present Decision, the procedures and terms shall be as
1. The Member Country shall request
The Joint to register the sanitary regulation. To this end, it shall remit
the corresponding request with the official text of the regulation before
its approval, or in any case, in a term not greater than seven (7) working
days after publication of same in the country's official gazette.
2. The Joint, once it has received the
regulation, shall, within a period of seven (7) working days inform the
other Member Countries of the text of same and shall request their
3. The Member Countries, within a
period of ten (10) working days, from the date The Joint sent the
Regulation, shall remit its comments.
4. Should no observations be received
from the Member Countries within the stipulated period, The Joint shall
dispose of seven (7) working days to proceed to register the regulation,
which shall pass to constitute a Subregional Sanitary Regulation.
5. The regulation having been seen by
Member Countries, the country formulating same shall be requested to clarify
the observations within a period not greater than seven (7) working days.
When The Joint receives the information it shall proceed as indicated in
paragraphs 2, 3 and 4. Should no agreement be reached, the case shall be
analyzed by the Andean Technical Committee of Agricultural and Livestock
The result reached by same shall be
incorporated in the Register of Sanitary Regulations by Board Resolution.
c) Basic Catalog of Exotic Pests and
The procedure and periods shall be carried
out according to the terms set out in Article 23 of the present Decision.
Article 31: The remittance of
permanent information on sanitary legislation, institutional structure,
physical infrastructure, basic catalog of pests and diseases and of
outbreaks or infestations of pests whose incidence endangers a Member
Country or the Subregion, shall be made through Member Countries Directors
for Animal Health and Vegetable Health, on forms agreed upon by COTASA and
approved by a Joint Resolution, regardless of the communications that must
be made through the Liaison Agency.
Article 32: The handling of all
matters concerning the Andean Agricultural and Livestock Health System,
which are established through the present Decision, with respect to
coordination and communication mechanisms, shall be done according to the
terms established in Articles 8, 23, 30 and 31, in order that the data on
the General Index of Sanitary Regulations, Register of Subregional
Regulations, the Basic Catalog of Exotic Pests and Diseases and economically
important to the Andean Area, and sanitary programs may be disseminated
immediately and thus permit the adoption of the pertinent measures.
It shall be The Joint's responsibility to
follow up, control and advise on the tasks of informing, maintaining
epidemiological surveillance, making analyses and formulating
Article 33: The Joint shall present to
the Agricultural and Livestock Council and to the Meeting of Ministers of
Agriculture or to the Commission an annual technical report evaluating the
progress of the present Decision and the joint action sanitary programs.
Article 34: Actions on agricultural
and livestock health with third countries and with international bodies
should be of a communitarian nature and shall be undertaken jointly among
the Member Countries.
Agreements between countries on sanitary
regulations that are not undertaken by all the Member Countries should be
made known to the Joint of the Cartagena Agreement and to the Commission.
Article 35: Faced with the threat of
the introduction of an exotic pest into the Subregion, any country may
request through The Joint, the formulation of a joint program with the
counterpart support of the countries, to request technical and economical
support from the private sector or from international technical and
financial cooperation agencies.
Article 36: Be there approved as Basic
Catalog of Exotic Pests and Diseases of Crops in the Subregion, the
Identification Manual of exotic pests and diseases on crops in the Andean
Subregion, document JUNAC 07-0128-003-1 and which replaces in the reference,
the phytosanitary part which appears in the ANNEX to Decision 195.
Article 37 : The Commission, when
approving The Joint's Annual Budget, shall consider a specific item aimed at
financing the Plan of Operations of the Andean Agricultural and Livestock
Said funds shall be utilized to finance the
expenses of operations of the Andean Agricultural and Livestock Health
System, the functioning of the Andean Technical Committee of Agricultural
and Livestock Health, the financing of its participation in international
forums where joint positions are adopted and for the contracting of
personnel charged with health matters, among other concepts.
Article 38: Have derogated Decisions
92, 122 and 127 and the ANNEX to Decision 195 in the part referring to
phytosanitary matters in the Basic Catalog of Exotic Pests and Diseases in
the Subregion, there remaining in force the Basic Catalog of Zoosanitary
Exotic Pests and Diseases.
Given in the city of Santafe de Bogota,
Colombia, on the twenty-second day of the month of October in the year
Nineteen hundred and Ninety-two.
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