United States-Bahrain Free Trade Agreement
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Chapter One Initial Provisions and Definitions Back to top!
Section A Initial Provisions Back to top!
Article 1.1 Establishment of a Free Trade Area  
Article 1.2 Relations to Other Agreements  
Section B General Definitions  
Article 1.3 Definitions  
Chapter Two National Treatment and Market Access for Goods Back to top!
Article 2.1 Scope and Coverage  
Section A National Treatment Back to top!
Article 2.2 National Treatment  
Section B Tariff Elimination Back to top!
Article 2.3 Tariff Elimination  
Section C Special Regimes Back to top!
Article 2.4 Waiver of Customs Duties  
Article 2.5 Temporary Admission of Goods  
Article 2.6 Goods Re-Entered After Repair or Alteration  
Article 2.7 Duty-Free Entry of Commercial Samples of Negligible Value and Printed Advertising Materials  
Section D Non-Tariff Measures Back to top!
Article 2.8 Import and Export Restrictions  
Article 2.9 Administrative Fees and Formalities  
Article 2.10 Export Taxes  
Section E Agriculture Back to top!
Article 2.11 Agricultural Export Subsidies  
Section F Definitions Back to top!
Article 2.12 Definitions  
  Annex 2-A: National Treatment and Import and Export Restrictions  
  Section A: Measures of The United States  
  Section B: Measures of Bahrain  
  Annex 2-B Tariff EliminationPDF  
  U.S. Tariff SchedulePDF  
  U.S. General Notes and TRQ Annex PDF  
  Bahrain Tariff SchedulePDF  
  Bahrain General NotesPDF  
Chapter Three Textiles and Apparel Back to top!
Article 3.1 Bilateral Emergency Action  
Article 3.2 Rules of Origin and Related Matters  
Article 3.3 Customs Cooperation  
Article 3.4 Definitions  
  Annex 3-A: Rules of Origin for Textile or Apparel Goods for Chapters 42, 50 Through 63, 70 and 94  
  Annex 3-B  
Chapter Four Rules of Origin Back to top!
Article 4.1 Originating Goods  
Article 4.2 New or Different Article of Commerce  
Article 4.3 Non-Qualifying Operations  
Article 4.4 Cumulation  
Article 4.5 Value of Materials  
Article 4.6 Direct Costs of Processing Operations  
Article 4.7 Packaging and Packing Materials and Containers for Retail Sale and for Shipment  
Article 4.8 Indirect Materials  
Article 4.9 Transit and Transshipment  
Article 4.10 Importer Requirements  
Article 4.11 Obligations Relating to Importation  
Article 4.12 Consultations and Modifications  
Article 4.13 Regional Cumulation  
Article 4.14 Definitions  
  Annex 4-A: Certain Product-Specific Rules of Origin  
  Section A: Interpretative Notes  
  Section B: Specific Rules  
Chapter Five Customs Administration Back to top!

Article 5.1

Article 5.2 Release of Goods  
Article 5.3 Automation  
Article 5.4 Risk Assessment  
Article 5.5 Cooperation  
Article 5.6 Confidentiality  
Article 5.7 Express Shipments  
Article 5.8 Review and Appeal  
Article 5.9 Penalties  
Article 5.10 Advance Rulings  
Article 5.11 Technical Cooperation and Implementation  
Chapter Six Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Back to top!
Article 6.1 Objectives  
Article 6.2 Scope and Coverage  
Article 6.3 General Provisions  
Article 6.4 Definition  
Chapter Seven Technical Barriers to Trade Back to top!
Article 7.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 7.2 Affirmation of the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade  
Article 7.3 International Standards  
Article 7.4 Trade Facilitation  
Article 7.5 Conformity Assessment Procedures  
Article 7.6 Transparency  
Article 7.7 TBT Chapter Coordinators  
Article 7.8 Information Exchange  
Article 7.9 Definitions  
  Annex 7-A: TBT Chapter Coordinators  
Chapter Eight Safeguards Back to top!
Article 8.1 Application of a Safeguard Measure  
Article 8.2 Conditions and Limitations  
Article 8.3 Compensation  
Article 8.4 Global Safeguard Actions  
Article 8.5 Definitions  
Chapter Nine Government Procurement Back to top!
Article 9.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 9.2 General Principles  
Article 9.3 Publication of Procurement Measures  
Article 9.4 Publication of Notice of Intended Procurement and Notice of Planned Procurement  
Article 9.5 Time Limits for Tendering Process  
Article 9.6 Information on Intended Procurements  
Article 9.7 Conditions for Participation  
Article 9.8 Tendering Procedures  
Article 9.9 Treatment of Tenders and Awarding of Contracts  
Article 9.10 Ensuring Integrity in Procurement Practices  
Article 9.11 Domestic Review of Supplier Challenges  
Article 9.12 Modifications and Rectifications to Coverage  
Article 9.13 Non-Disclosure of Information  
Article 9.14 Exceptions  
Article 9.15 Definitions  
  Annex 9PDF  
Chapter Ten Cross-Border Trade in Services Back to top!
Article 10.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 10.2 National Treatment  
Article 10.3 Most-Favored-Nation Treatment  
Article 10.4 Market Access  
Article 10.5 Local Presence  
Article 10.6 Non-Conforming Measures  
Article 10.7 Domestic Regulation  
Article 10.8 Transparency in Development and Application of Regulations  
Article 10.9 Mutual Recognition  
Article 10.10 Transfers and Payments  
Article 10.11 Denial of Benefits  
Article 10.12 Implementation  
Article 10.13 Definitions  
  Annex 10-A: Express Delivery Services  
  Annex 10-B: Professional Services  
Chapter Eleven Financial Services Back to top!
Article 11.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 11.2 National Treatment  
Article 11.3 Most-Favored-Nation Treatment  
Article 11.4 Market Access for Financial Institutions  
Article 11.5 Cross-Border Trade  
Article 11.6 New Financial Services  
Article 11.7 Treatment of Certain Information  
Article 11.8 Senior Management and Boards of Directors  
Article 11.9 Non-Conforming Measures  
Article 11.10 Exceptions  
Article 11.11 Transparency  
Article 11.12 Self-Regulatory Organizations  
Article 11.13 Payment and Clearing Systems  
Article 11.14 Domestic Regulation  
Article 11.15 Expedited Availability of Insurance Services  
Article 11.16 Denial of Benefits  
Article 11.17 Information Requirements  
Article 11.18 Financial Services Subcommittee  
Article 11.19 Consultations  
Article 11.20 Dispute Settlement  
Article 11.21 Definitions  
  Annex 11-A: Cross-Border Trade  
  Annex 11-B: Specific Commitments  
  Annex 11-C: Self-Regulatory Organizations  
  Annex 11-D: Authorities Responsible for Financial Services  
  Annex 11-E: Relating to the Definition of "Financial Service"  
Chapter Twelve Telecommunications Back to top!
Article 12.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 12.2 Access to and Use of Public Telecommunications Services  
Article 12.3 Obligations Relating to Suppliers of Public Telecommunications Services  
Article 12.4 Additional Obligations Relating to Major Suppliers of Public Telecommunications Services  
Article 12.5 Submarine Cable Systems  
Article 12.6 Conditions for the Supply of Value-Added Services  
Article 12.7 Independent Regulatory Bodies and Government Ownership  
Article 12.8 Universal Service  
Article 12.9 Licensing Process  
Article 12.10 Allocation and Use of Scarce Resources  
Article 12.11 Enforcement  
Article 12.12 Resolution of Telecommunications Disputes  
Article 12.13 Transparency of Measures Relating to Telecommunications  
Article 12.14 Flexibility in the Choice of Technologies  
Article 12.15 Forbearance  
Article 12.16 Relationship to Other Chapters  
Article 12.17 Definitions  
  Annex 12-A  
  Annex 12-B  
Chapter Thirteen Electronic Commerce Back to top!
Article 13.1 General  
Article 13.2 Electronic Supply of Services  
Article 13.3 Customs Duties  
Article 13.4 Non-Discriminatory Treatment of Digital Products  
Article 13.5 Definitions  
Chapter Fourteen Intellectual Property Rights Back to top!
Article 14.1 General Provisions  
Article 14.2 Trademarks, Including Geographical Indications  
Article 14.3 Domain Names on the Internet  
Article 14.4 Obligations Pertaining to Copyright and Related Rights  
Article 14.5 Obligations Pertaining Specifically to Copyright  
Article 14.6 Obligations Pertaining Specifically to Related Rights  
Article 14.7 Protection of Encrypted Program-Carrying Satellite Signals  
Article 14.8 Patents  
Article 14.9 Measures Related to Certain Regulated Products  
Article 14.10 Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights  
Article 14.11 Transitional Provisions  
Chapter Fifteen Labor Back to top!
Article 15.1 Statement of Shared Commitment  
Article 15.2 Application and Enforcement of Labor Laws  
Article 15.3 Procedural Guarantees and Public Awareness  
Article 15.4 Institutional Arrangements  
Article 15.5 Labor Cooperation  
Article 15.6 Labor Consultations  
Article 15.7 Definitions  
  Annex 15-A: Labor Cooperation MechanismPDF  
Chapter Sixteen Environment Back to top!
Article 16.1 Levels of Protection  
Article 16.2 Application and Enforcement of Environmental Laws  
Article 16.3 Procedural Matters  
Article 16.4 Voluntary Mechanisms to Enhance Environmental Performance  
Article 16.5 Institutional Arrangements  
Article 16.6 Opportunities for Public Participation  
Article 16.7 Environmental Cooperation  
Article 16.8 Environmental Consultations  
Article 16.9 Relationship to Environmental Agreements  
Article 16.10 Definitions  
Chapter Seventeen Transparency Back to top!
Article 17.1 Publication  
Article 17.2 Notification and Provision of Information  
Article 17.3 Administrative Proceedings  
Article 17.4 Review and Appeal  
Article 17.5 Anti-Corruption  
Article 17.6 Definitions  
Chapter Eighteen Administration of the Agreement Back to top!
Article 18.1 Contact Points  
Article 18.2 Joint Committee  
Chapter Nineteen Dispute Settlement Back to top!
Article 19.1 Cooperation  
Article 19.2 Scope of Application  
Article 19.3 Administration of Dispute Settlement Proceedings  
Article 19.4 Choice of Forum  
Article 19.5 Consultations  
Article 19.6 Referral to the Joint Committee  
Article 19.7 Establishment of Panel  
Article 19.8 Rules of Procedures  
Article 19.9 Panel Report  
Article 19.10 Implementation of the Final Report  
Article 19.11 Non-Implementation  
Article 19.12 Non-Implementation in Certain Disputes  
Article 19.13 Compliance Review  
Article 19.14 Five-Year Review  
Article 19.15 Private Rights  
  Annex 19-A: Inflation Adjustment Formula for Monetary Assessments  
Chapter Twenty Exceptions Back to top!
Article 20.1 General Exceptions  
Article 20.2 Essential Security  
Article 20.3 Taxation  
Article 20.4 Disclosure of Information  
Chapter Twenty-One Final Provisions Back to top!
Article 21.1 Annexes  
Article 21.2 Amendments  
Article 21.3 Amendment of the WTO Agreement  
Article 21.4 Expansion of the Free Trade Area  
Article 21.5 Entry Into Force and Termination  
Annexes   Back to top!
  Annex I: Services Non-Conforming Measures  
  Formatting NotesPDF  
  Bahrain SchedulePDF  
  U.S. SchedulePDF  
  Annex II: Services Non-Conforming Measures  
  Formatting NotesPDF  
  Bahrain SchedulePDF  
  U.S. SchedulePDF  
  Annex III: Financial Services Non-Conforming Measures  
  Bahrain formatting NotePDF  
  Bahrain SchedulePDF  
  U.S. formatting NotePDF  
  U.S. SchedulePDF Back to top!
Full Text of the Agreement Compressed file  
Source: Office of the United States Trade RepresentativeOffsite link!  
  Back to top!



About the Agreement
  14 September 2004
  Entry into Force
  01 January 2006
Trade Policy Developments
  Related informationRelated information

Topics Covered in the Agreement
Other related pages
  Side LettersSide Letters