United States-Singapore Free Trade Agreement
Chapter I Establishment of a Free Trade Area and Definitions Back to top!
Article 1.1 General  
Article 1.2 General Definitions  
  Annex 1A: Certain Definitions  
Chapter II National Treatment and Market Access for Goods  Back to top!
Article 2.1 National Treatment  
Article 2.2 Elimination of Duties  
Article 2.3 Customs Value  
Article 2.4 Export Tax  
Article 2.5 Temporary Admission  
Article 2.6 Goods Re-entered after Repair or Alteration  
Article 2.7 Import and Export Restrictions  
Article 2.8 Merchandise Processing Fee  
Article 2.9 Distilled Spirits  
Article 2.10 Broadcasting Apparatus  
Article 2.11 Chewing Gum  
Article 2.12 Tariff Treatment of Non-Originating Cotton and Man-Made Fiber Apparel Goods (Tariff Preference Levels)  
Article 2.13 Definitions  
  Annex 2A: Application of Chapter 2: National Treatment and Market Access for Goods Back to top!
  Annex 2B: United States  
  General Notes PDF  
  Tariff SchedulePDF  
  Annex 2C: Singapore  
  General NotesPDF  
  Tariff SchedulePDF  
  Annex 2D: Conversion Factors  
Chapter III Rules of Origin Back to top!
Section A Origin Determination Back to top!
Article 3.1 Originating Goods  
Article 3.2 Treatment of Certain Products  
Article 3.3 De Minimis  
Article 3.4 Accumulation  
Article 3.5 Regional Value Content  
Article 3.6 Value of Materials  
Article 3.7 Accessories, Spare Parts, and Tools  
Article 3.8 Fungible Goods and Materials  
Article 3.9 Packaging Materials and Containers for Retail Sale  
Article 3.10 Packing Materials and Containers for Shipment  
Article 3.11 Indirect Materials  
Article 3.12 Third Country Transportation  
Section B Supporting Information and Verification  
Article 3.13 Claims for Preferential Treatment  
Article 3.14 Obligations Relating to Importations  
Article 3.15 Record Keeping Requirement  
Article 3.16 Verification  
Article 3.17 Certain Apparel Goods  
Section C Consultation and Modifications Back to top!
Article 3.18 Consultation and Modifications  
Section D Definitions Back to top!
Article 3.19 Definitions  
Section E Application and Interpretation Back to top!
Article 3.19 Application and Interpretation  
  Annex 3A: Product-Specific Rules of Origin PDF  
  Annex 3B: Integrated Sourcing Initiative PDF  
  Annex 3C: Remanufactured Products PDF  
Chapter IV Customs Administration Back to top!
Article 4.1 Publication and Notification  
Article 4.2 Administration  
Article 4.3 Advance Rulings  
Article 4.4 Review and Appeal  
Article 4.5 Cooperation  
Article 4.6 Confidentiality  
Article 4.7 Penalties  
Article 4.8 Release and Security  
Article 4.9 Risk Assessment  
Article 4.10 Express Shipments  
Article 4.11 Definitions  
Chapter V Textiles and Apparel Back to top!
Article 5.1 Scope  
Article 5.2 Anti-circumvention  
Article 5.3 Monitoring  
Article 5.4 Cooperation  
Article 5.5 Enforcement  
Article 5.6 Information Sharing  
Article 5.7 Confidentiality  
Article 5.8 Consultations and Related Matters  
Article 5.9 Bilateral Textile and Apparel Safeguard Actions  
Article 5.10 Effective Date  
Article 5.11 Definitions  
Chapter VI Technical Barriers to Trade Back to top!
Article 6.1 Scope  
Article 6.2 Enhanced Cooperation and Chapter 6 Coordinator  
Article 6.3 Conformity Assessment and Other Areas of Mutual Interest  
Article 6.4 Definitions  
  Annex 6A: Working Group on Medical Products  
Chapter VII Safeguards Back to top!
Article 7.1 Application of a Bilateral Safeguard Measure  
Article 7.2 Conditions and Limitations  
Article 7.3 Provisional Measures  
Article 7.4 Compensation  
Article 7.5 Global Safeguard Measures  
Article 7.6 Definitions  
Chapter VIII Cross-Border Trade in Services Back to top!
Article 8.1 Definitions  
Article 8.2 Scope and Coverage  
Article 8.3 National Treatment  
Article 8.4 Most-Favored-Nation Treatment  
Article 8.5 Market Access  
Article 8.6 Local Presence  
Article 8.7 Non-Conforming Measures  
Article 8.8 Domestic Regulation  
Article 8.9 Recognition  
Article 8.10 Transfers and Payments  
Article 8.11 Denial of Benefits  
Article 8.12 Transparency in Development and Application of Regulations  
Article 8.13 Implementation  
  Annex 8A Back to top!
  Schedule of the United StatesPDF  
  Schedule of SingaporePDF  
  Annex 8B  
  Schedule of the United StatesPDF  
  Schedule of SingaporePDF  
  Annex 8C: Professional Services  
Chapter IX Telecommunications Back to top!
Article 9.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 9.2 Access to and Use of Public Telecommunications Transport Networks and Services  
Article 9.3 Interconnection with Suppliers of Public Telecommunications Services  
Article 9.4 Conduct of Major Suppliers  
Article 9.5 Submarine Cable Landing Stations  
Article 9.6 Independent Regulation and Privatization  
Article 9.7 Universal Service  
Article 9.8 Licensing Process  
Article 9.9 Allocation and Use of Scarce Resources  
Article 9.10 Enforcement  
Article 9.11 Resolution of Domestic Telecommunications Disputes  
Article 9.12 Transparency  
Article 9.13 Flexibility in the Choice of Technologies  
Article 9.14 Forbearance and Minimal Regulatory Environment  
Article 9.15 Relationship to Other Chapters  
Article 9.16 Definitions  
Chapter X Financial Services Back to top!
Article 10.1 Scope and Coverage  
Article 10.2 National Treatment  
Article 10.3 Most-Favored-Nation Treatment  
Article 10.4 Market Access for Financial Institutions  
Article 10.5 Cross-Border Trade in Financial Services  
Article 10.6 New Financial Services  
Article 10.7 Treatment of Certain Information  
Article 10.8 Senior Management and Boards of Directors  
Article 10.9 Non-Conforming Measures  
Article 10.10 Exceptions  
Article 10.11 Transparency  
Article 10.12 Self-Regulatory Organizations  
Article 10.13 Payment and Clearing Systems  
Article 10.14 Domestic Regulation  
Article 10.15 Expedited Availability of Insurance Services  
Article 10.16 Financial Services Committee  
Article 10.17 Consultations  
Article 10.18 Dispute Settlement  
Article 10.19 Investment Disputes in Financial Services  
Article 10.20 Definitions  
  Annex 10A: Application of Article 10.5 Back to top!
  United States  
  Annex 10B  
  Singapore Schedule of Nonconforming MeasuresPDF  
  U.S. Schedule of Nonconforming MeasuresPDF  
  Annex 10C: Specific Commitments   
  United States  
  Annex 10D: The Financial Services Committee  
Chapter XI Temporary Entry of Business Persons Back to top!
Article 11.1 Definitions  
Article 11.2 General Principles  
Article 11.3 General Obligations  
Article 11.4 Grant of Temporary Entry  
Article 11.5 Regulatory Transparency  
Article 11.6 Provision of Information  
Article 11.7 Temporary Entry Coordinators  
Article 11.8 Dispute Settlement  
Article 11.9 Relation to Other Chapters  
  Annex 11A Back to top!
  Section I: Business Visitors  
  Section II: Traders and Investors  
  Section III: Intra-Company Transferees  
  Section IV: Professionals  
  Appendix 11A.1: Business Visitors  
  Appendix 11A.2  
  Appendix 11A.3  
Chapter XII Anticompetitive Business Conduct, Designated Monopolies, and Government Enterprises Back to top!
Article 12.1 Objectives  
Article 12.2 Anticompetitive Business Conduct  
Article 12.3 Designated Monopolies and Government Enterprises  
Article 12.4 Cooperation  
Article 12.5 Transparency and Information Requests  
Article 12.6 Consultations  
Article 12.7 Disputes  
Article 12.8 Definitions  
  Annex 12A: Annex 12A  
Chapter XIII Government Procurement Back to top!
Article 13.1 General  
Article 13.2 Scope and Coverage  
Article 13.3 Incorporation of GPA Provisions  
Article 13.4 Exceptions  
Article 13.5 Modifications and Rectifications to Coverage  
Article 13.6 Definitions  
  Annex 13A Back to top!
  Schedule 1 Covered Entities  
  Schedule 2 Covered Goods and Services  
  Annex 13B: Indexation and Conversion of Thresholds  
Chapter XIV Electronic Commerce Back to top!
Article 14.1 General  
Article 14.2 Electronic Supply of Services  
Article 14.3 Digital Products  
Article 14.4 Definitions  
Chapter XV Investment Back to top!
Section A Definitions Back to top!
Article 15.1 Definitions  
Section B Investment Back to top!
Article 15.2 Scope and Coverage  
Article 15.3 Relation to Other Chapters  
Article 15.4 National Treatment and Most-Favored-Nation Treatment  
Article 15.5 Minimum Standard of Treatment  
Article 15.6 Expropriation  
Article 15.7 Transfers  
Article 15.8 Performance Requirements  
Article 15.9 Senior Management and Boards of Directors  
Article 15.10 Investment and Environment  
Article 15.11 Denial of Benefits  
Article 15.12 Non-Conforming Measures  
Article 15.13 Special Formalities and Information Requirements  
Section C Investor-State Dispute Settlement Back to top!
Article 15.14 Consultation and Negotiation  
Article 15.15 Submission of a Claim to Arbitration  
Article 15.16 Consent of Each Party to Arbitration  
Article 15.17 Conditions and Limitations on Consent of Each Party  
Article 15.18 Selection of Arbitrators  
Article 15.19 Conduct of the Arbitration  
Article 15.20 Transparency of Arbitral Proceedings  
Article 15.21 Governing Law  
Article 15.22 Interpretation of Annexes  
Article 15.23 Expert Reports  
Article 15.24 Consolidation  
Article 15.25 Awards  
Article 15.26 Status of Letter Exchanges  
Article 15.27 Service of Documents  
  Annex 15A: Transfers Back to top!
  Annex 15B: Performance Requirements  
  Annex 15C: Performance Requirements - Singapore  
  Annex 15D: Service of Documents on a Party Under Section C  
Chapter XVI Intellectual Property Rights Back to top!
Article 16.1 General Provisions  
Article 16.2 Trademarks, Including Geographical Indications  
Article 16.3 Domain Names on the Internet  
Article 16.4 Obligations Common to Copyright and Related Rights  
Article 16.5 Obligations Pertaining to Related Rights  
Article 16.6 Protection of Encrypted Program-Carrying Satellite Signals  
Article 16.7 Patents  
Article 16.8 Certain Regulated Products  
Article 16.9 Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights  
Article 16.10 Transitional Provisions  
Chapter XVII Labor Back to top!
Article 17.1 Statement of Shared Commitment  
Article 17.2 Application and Enforcement of Labor Laws  
Article 17.3 Procedural Guarantees and Public Awareness  
Article 17.4 Institutional Arrangements  
Article 17.5 Labor Cooperation  
Article 17.6 Labor Consultations  
Article 17.7 Definitions  
  Annex 17A: United States – Singapore Labor Cooperation Mechanism  
Chapter XVIII Environment Back to top!
Article 18.1 Levels of Protection  
Article 18.2 Application and Enforcement of Environmental Laws  
Article 18.3 Procedural Matters  
Article 18.4 Institutional Arrangements  
Article 18.5 Opportunities for Public Participation  
Article 18.6 Environmental Cooperation  
Article 18.7 Environmental Consultations  
Article 18.8 Relationship to Environmental Agreements  
Article 18.9 Principles of Corporate Stewardship  
Article 18.10 Definitions  
Chapter XIX Transparency  Back to top!
Article 19.1 Definitions  
Article 19.2 Contact Points  
Article 19.3 Publication  
Article 19.4 Notification and Provision of Information  
Article 19.5 Administrative Proceedings  
Article 19.6 Review and Appeal  
Chapter XX Administration and Dispute Settlement Back to top!
Article 20.1 Joint Committee  
Article 20.2 Administration of Dispute Settlement Proceedings  
Article 20.3 Consultations  
Article 20.4 Additional Dispute Settlement Procedures  
Article 20.5 Implementation of the Final Report  
Article 20.6 Non-Implementation  
Article 20.7 Non-Implementation in Certain Disputes  
Article 20.8 Compliance Review  
Article 20.9 Five-Year Review  
Article 20.10 Private Rights  
  Annex 20A: Inflation Adjustment Formula for Monetary Assessments  
Chapter XXI General and Final Provisions Back to top!
Article 21.1 General Exceptions  
Article 21.2 Essential Security  
Article 21.3 Taxation  
Article 21.4 Disclosure of Information  
Article 21.5 Anti-Corruption  
Article 21.6 Accession  
Article 21.7 Annexes  
Article 21.8 Amendments  
Article 21.9 Entry Into Force and Termination  
  Full Text of the AgreementCompressed file  
  Source: Office of the United States Trade RepresentativeOffsite link!  
  Back to top!



About the Agreement
  06 May 2003
  Entry into Force
  01 January 2004
Trade Policy Developments
  Related information Related information

Topics Covered in the Agreement
Other related pages
  Side Letters Side Letters