Recognition of national identification documents
THE ANDEAN COUNCIL OF FOREIGN MINISTERS
3 and 16
of the Cartagena Agreement, Guideline 26 of the Act of the
Eleventh Andean Presidential Council, Guideline 8 of the Twelfth Andean
Presidential Council, and Andean Community General Secretariat Proposal 51;
The free circulation of people is one of the preconditions for the gradual
creation of the Andean Common Market, which should be operational by December
31, 2005, at the latest;
Free circulation through the territories in the Andean Subregion is, in
accordance with internal immigration provisions, a right of Andean citizens
and of foreigners residing permanently in any Member Country, aimed at
progressively consolidating an Andean identity;
Provisions with regard to personal identification must be harmonized within
the Subregion to facilitate the adoption of measures permitting the unimpeded
circulation of persons;
The Andean Committee of Immigration Authorities (CAAM) at its Fifth Regular
Meeting approved the Draft Decision for the recognition of national
identification documents and asked the General Secretariat of the Andean
Community to submit it to the Andean Council of Foreign Ministers for
Under the terms and conditions of this Decision, the
citizens of any Member Country may be admitted to and enter any other Member
Country as tourists merely by presenting one of the national identification
documents that is valid and in effect in the issuing country, without need for
a consular visa.
The national identification documents to which the first paragraph of this
article refers shall be:
Sole National Registration Card (RUN)
National Identification Registration Card (RIN)
Foreign residentsí card for foreigners living in the country
Adult Identity card for persons over the age of 18
Minorís Identify card for children between the ages of 7 and 18
Birth certificate for children under the age of 7
Adult Foreign Identity card for persons over the age of 18
Minorís Foreign Identity card for children over 7 and under 18 (Foreigners
under the age of 7 use their passports for identification)
Ecuadorian Citizenship Card
Identification Card for immigrant foreigners
National Identification Document for persons over the age of 18
Voter Registration Card for persons over the age of 18
Birth Certificate for children under the age of 18
Peruvian Consular Pass
Foreign Residentsí Card for foreigners residing in the country
Identity Card for persons over the age of 9
Identity Card for foreigners residing in the country
The Member Countries agree to inform the Andean Community General Secretariat
about any change in or removal from the list of national identification
documents within no more than 30 calendar days after the entry into effect of
the provision establishing that change. The General Secretariat, for its part,
shall immediately report such changes to the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of
the Member Countries.
Article 2.- National tourists from any Member Country shall enjoy the same
rights as the citizens of the Member Country in which they find themselves,
without prejudice to domestic provisions on immigration, the domestic order,
national security, and public health. For purposes of this Decision, tourists
are persons who enter a country with no intention of residing in it and who
therefore cannot engage in gainful activity, except as stipulated with regard
to temporary immigration in specific agreements or border integration
conventions that have been or may be signed between the Member Countries.
Article 3.- The competent national authorities shall progressively carry out
the necessary coordination in order to harmonize the national identification
documents so that people can circulate freely within the Subregion.
The Member Countries shall also adopt the necessary security measures with
regard to their respective national identification documents.
Article 4.- Immigration authorities of the recipient country shall, at the
time of entry, as tourists, of the persons referred to in article 1, upon
determining the conditions of that entry, require the presentation of the
Andean Immigration Card (TAM) as the sole administrative document provided for
in Community legislation. This document should state the authorized length of
stay in the country, according to the regulations of article 10 of this
Article 5.- The national identification document used to enter the country
shall be recognized by the authorities of the Member Country for all civil and
immigration purposes, including legal and administrative formalities.
Article 6.- The immigration authorities of each Member Country may refuse the
entry of tourists or cancel the authorization of persons who have already
entered the country if they fail to comply with the legal requirements
established in this Decision or violate immigration regulations.
Article 7.- The competent authorities of the Member Countries shall coordinate
among themselves as needed for the effective application of this Decision,
with the support of the Andean Committee of Immigration Authorities (CAAM).
Article 8.- Citizens of countries outside the Community who hold any of the
documents listed in the first article of this Decision, issued by any Member
Country, shall enjoy the same rights as those established in this Decision for
Member Country citizens, unless national immigration provisions require the
use of a passport or visa.
Article 9.- This Decision shall enter into effect on January 1, 2002. The
Member Countries agree to take the necessary measures to ensure compliance
with the Decision.
Article 10.- The Member Countries agree not to submit the tourists referred to
in article 1 to additional immigration controls or formalities to those that
are currently in effect for stays of up to 90 days, which may be extended for
another 90 days one time only.
Article 11.- Member Countries, with the support of the CAAM, shall proceed to
harmonize their respective immigration legislation by holding annual
negotiations under the coordination of the Andean Community General
Secretariat. The Andean Council of Foreign Ministers shall express the results
of these negotiations through the approval of Decisions. In this process,
priority will be given to the immigration requirements for students, business
people, investors, and artists.
Sole.- If, on the date this Decision enters into effect, a Member Country
continues to require national tourists from the other Member Countries to
obtain Consular Visas, they shall eliminate that requirement by December 31,
2004, at the latest. Before that date, the Member Country so requiring may
demand a passport as the sole travel document accepted for the admittance of
Until the deadline established in the previous paragraph is reached, any
Member Country requiring a Consular Visa shall progressively ease the visa
requirements for the citizens of the other Member Countries.
Signed in the city of Valencia, Venezuela on the twenty-second of June of two
thousand and one.