OAS

 
Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) - Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States, and Vietnam
 
  Background and Negotiations
    The goal of the negotiating process of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement is to create a platform for economic integration across the Asia Pacific region. The countries participating in the negotiations of the TPP intend to design a high qualilty, inclusive agreement that lays the foundations for economic growth, the development and generation of employment in the member countries, and that in turn become the basis for the future Asia-Pacific Free Trade Agreement (FTAAP).

The negotiating process of the TPP is an initiative developed by the member countries that currently form part of the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement, namely: Brunei Darussalam, Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore. This agreement, also known as P4, was signed in 2005 and has been in force since 2006.

The P4 is an open agreement and is why it provides the possibility of accession of third parties with the objective of promoting the creation of a major strategic alliance for the liberalization of trade in the region. In particular, Article 20.6 of the Agreement establishes that other APEC economies or other states can join the Agreement on the terms agreed by the parties. On 4 February 2008, The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) announced that the United States would participate in the negotiations on investment and financial services scheduled for next March between Singapore, Chile, New Zealand and Brunei.

On 22 September 2008, the P4 countries and the United States announced the launch of negotiations for the U.S. to join the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement.

Later, Australia, Peru and Viet Nam formally expressed their interest to join the negotiations of the comprehensive agreement, that is, the Trans-Pacific Association Agreement, during the Summit of the Asia pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) in November of 2008 in Lima, Peru.

Approximately a year later, on 14 November 2009 the President of the United States of America announced that he would work with an initial group of seven countries of the TPP, with the goal of forming a regional agreement of "broad membership and the highest standards that represent the effectiveness of an agreement of the 21st Century".

The first round of negotiations of the Trans Pacific Association Agreement (TPP) was held between Chile, Brunei, New Zealand, Singapore in conjunction with the United States, Peru, Australia and Viet Nam, from 15 to 19 of March 2010, in Melbourne, Australia. The second round of negotiations of the TPP was held in San Francisco, United States on 14 June 2010.  In addition, a mini round of negotiations took place on 20-21 August, in Lima, Peru. The member countries of the Trans-Pacific Partnership met in Brunei Darussalam from 04 to 10 October 2010 for a third round of TPP negotiations. A total of 24 negotiating groups met to address a wide range of issues covered by the agreement. At the same time, Malaysia formally presented its application to join the ongoing negotiations.

The eight countries participating in the process unanimously accepted the accession of Malaysia to the negotiations on 05 October, enabling their actual participation as the ninth member of the TPP negotiation process.

The fourth round of negotiations took place in Auckland, New Zealand from 06 to 10 December 2010.The fifth round was held in Santiago, Chile, on 14-18 February 2011. The sixth round took place in Singapore from 28 March to 01 April. The seventh round took place in Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, from 20 to 24 June 2011. The eighth round of negotiations was held in Chicago, United States, from 09 to15 September 2011. The ninth round of negotiations began in Lima, Peru on October 20th, 2011.

On November 12th, during the 2011 annual Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Meetings in Honolulu, U.S.A, Trans-Pacific Partnership countries announced the broad outlines of a Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement. Leaders instructed their negotiating teams to meet in early December 2011 to continue their work, to schedule additional negotiating rounds for 2012, and to continue talks with other trans-Pacific partners that have expressed interest in joining the TPP to facilitate their future participation in the negotiations.

On November 11, 2011, Japan had announced that it will enter into consultations with the nine countries engaged in the TPP in order to explore the possibility of joining those negotiations. Mexico also expressed interest in participating in the TPP negotiations. On November 13, 2011 Canada expressed its intent to enter into formal consultations with TPP members to discuss Canada’s possible participation in the negotiations.

The tenth round of negotiations was held in Kuala Lampur, Malaysia, from 05 to 09 December 2011. In February 2012, Costa Rica announced possible involvement in the TPP negotiating process. The eleventh round took place in Melbourne, Australia, from 03 to 09 February 2012.

On 18 June 2012, the President of the United States announced that the countries negotiating the TPP agreement have extended an invitation to Mexico to join the TPP negotiations. In addition, on 19 June 2012, Canada was also extended an invitation.

Progress in the Trans-Pacific partnership talks continued in the 14th round of TPP negotiations that ended in Leesburg, United States on September 15, 2012. TPP negotiators met in November. The 15th round took place in Auckland, New Zealand, from 03 to 12 December 2012. The 16th round of negotiations was held in Singapore from 04 to 13 March 2013. In April, in Surabaya, Indonesia, trade ministers of TPP member countries met to chart a path forward on outstanding issues for the conclusion of negotiations and the entry of Japan to the agreement.

On 24 April 2013, the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) announced that the U.S. Administration notified Congress of its intent to include Japan in the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations.

The seventeenth round of TPP negotiations took place from 15 to 24 May 2013, in Lima, Peru. The 18th round of TPP negotiations was held on 15-25 July 2013, in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. The 19th round of TPP negotiations was held from August 22-30, in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei. On October 3-4, 2013, Trade Ministers from TPP participating countries met to further advance the TPP negotiations. Trade Ministers and Heads of Delegation from TPP participating countries held a four-day Ministerial meeting in Singapore, from 07-10 December 2013. Addtionally, Trade Ministers from TPP participating countries held two meetings in Singapore: one on 17-25 February and another on 19-20 May 2014. A new meeting of the TPP technical groups took place in Hanoi, Vietnam, from 1 to 10 September 2014. Trade Ministers and Heads of Delegation met on 25-27 October 2014. Trade Ministers from TPP participating countries held another meeting in November 2014, in Beijing, China. On 07-12 December 2014, Chief Negotiatiors of TPP participating countries held a meeting in Washington, D.C. Five more meetings have taken place since the begining of 2015. Finally, on 4 October 2015, Trade Minsiters of the TTP countries concluded negotiations.

New Zealand released the legally verified text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) on 26 January 2016.

A few days later, on 4 February 2016, New Zealand hosted representatives from the 11 other countries for the TPP signing ceremony in Auckland.

Documents relating to the negotiations
04 February 2016 Auckland, New Zealand. Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement is formally signed PDF New!
  bullet Trans-Pacific Partnership Ministers' Statement PDF New!
26 January 2016 New Zealand releases final TPP text PDF New!
18 November 2015 Trans-Pacific Partnership Leaders Joint Statement PDF
04 October 2015 Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations Conclude PDF
  bullet Summary of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement PDF
August 2015 Update on the Trans-Pacific Partnership NegotiationsPDF
July 2015 Joint Statement by TPP Ministers PDF
8 July 2015 Next Meeting of Trade Ministers from TPP participating countries to be held from 28-31 July 2015 PDF
09-15 March 2015 Hawaii, United States. Meeting of Chief Negotiators of TPP participating countriesPDF
26 January-1 February 2015 New York City, United States. Meeting of Chief Negotiators of TPP participating countriesPDF
07-12 December 2014 Washington, D.C., United States. Meeting of Chief Negotiators of TPP participating countriesIn SpanishPDF
10 November 2014 Trans-Pacific Partnership Leaders' Statement PDF
  Trade Ministers's Report to Leaders PDF
08 November 2014 Beijing, China. Meeting of Trade Ministers from TPP participating countries In SpanishPDF
27 October 2014 Sidney, Australia. Joint Statement of the Ministers and Heads of Delegation for the TPP CountriesPDF
25-27 October 2014 Sidney, Australia. Meeting of Trade Ministers from TPP participating countries PDF
02 October 2014 Next round of TPP negotiations to be held in Sidney, Australia from 25 OctoberPDF
01-10 September 2014 Hanoi, Vietnam. Meeting of the TPP technical groups PDF
25 June 2014 TPP Chief Negotiators to meet in Ottawa, Canada from 3 to 12 July 2014 ESP PDF
19-20 May 2014 Singapore. Meeting of Trade Ministers from TPP participating countries ESPPDF
17-25 February 2014 Singapore. Meeting of Trade Ministers and Chiefs of Negotiation from TPP participating countries ESPPDF
07-10 December 2013 Singapore. Trans-Pacific Partnership Ministerial Meeting: Statement of the Ministers and Heads of DelegationPDF
03-04 October 2013 Bali, Indonesia. Trade Ministers from TPP participating countries met to further advance the TPP negotiations ESPPDF
22-30 August 2013 Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. 19th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiationsPDF
  Joint Press Statement TPP Ministerial Meeting PDF
25 July 2013 Statement on the 18th Round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations - Office of the United States Representative (USTR) PDF
15-25 July 2013 Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. 18th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations PDF
24 May 2013 Conclusion of the 17th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations PDF
15-24 May 2013 Lima, Peru. 17th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations PDF
24 April 2013 United States Trade Representative notified Congress of the intent to include Japan in the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP)PDF
20 April 2013 Surabaya, Indonesia. Joint Statement of TPP Ministers: Trans-Pacific Partnership Ministers Chart Path Forward on Key Issues and Confirm Next Steps on Japan's Entry PDF
04-13 March 2013 Singapore. 16th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations PDF
03-12 December 2012 Auckland, New Zealand. 15th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations PDF
12-15 November 2012 Los Cabos, Mexico. Intersessional round of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations in SpanishPDF
06-15 September 2012

Leesburg, United States. 14th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiations PDF

10 July 2012 Update on the 13th round of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) negotiationsPDF
10 July 2012 United States Trade Representative notified Congress of the intent to include Canada in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement PDF
09 July 2012 United States Trade Representative notified Congress of the intent to include Mexico in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement PDF
02-10 July 2012 San Diego, California, USA. Thirteenth round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) PDF
19 June 2012 United States and the eight other countries negotiating the TPP Agreement have extended an invitation to Canada to join the TPP negotiations PDF
18 June 2012 United States and the eight other countries negotiating the TPP Agreement have extended an invitation to Mexico to join the TPP negotiations PDF
10-16 May 2012 Dallas, United States. Twelfth round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) PDF
03-09 March 2012 Melbourne, Australia. Eleventh round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) PDF
February 2011 Costa Rica interested in participating in TPP negotiations in SpanishPDF
05-09 December 2011 Kuala Lampur, Malaysia. Tenth round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) PDF
12 November 2011 Honolulu, United States. Trans-Pacific partnership leaders statement PDF
  Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Trade Ministers' report to leaders PDF
 

Outlines of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement PDF

12 november 2011 Canada to enter into consultations on possible participation in negotiations PDF
12 november 2011 Mexico interested in participating in TPP negotiations in SpanishPDF
12 November 2011

Japan interested in joining Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement PDF

20 October 2011 Lima, Peru. Ninth round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) in SpanishPDF
09-15 September 2011 Chicago, United States. Eighth round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) PDF
21 June 2011 Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam. Seventh round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) PDF
27 March-01 April 2011 Singapore. Sixth round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) in SpanishPDF
14-18 February 2011 Santiago, Chile. Fifth round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP )in SpanishPDF
06-10 December 2010 Auckland, New Zealand. Fourth round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) PDF
04-10 October 2010 Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei. Third round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Spanish PDF
05 October 2010 The TPP partners reached consensus on Malaysia's request to join the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations PDF
20-21 August 2010 Lima, Peru. Mini-round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement Spanish PDF 
14-18 June 2010 San Francisco, United States. Second round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) AgreementPDF 
          Update Second Round - Depatment of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia PDF 
        Report of the second round of negotiations - MINCETUR, Peru Spanish PDF 
15-19 March 2010 Melbourne, Australia. First round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) PDF
         Update First Round - Depatment of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia PDF
       Report of the first round of negotiations - MINCETUR, Peru Spanish PDF
14 March 2010 Peru announces the launch of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement Spanish PDF
14 November 2009 United States announces intention to engage with the Trans-Pacific PartnershipPDF
26 November 2008 Australia to join efforts to promote free trade in the Asia PacificPDF
23 September 2008 Australia considers participating in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement PDF
22 September 2008 Launch of U.S. negotiations to join the the Trans- Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement PDF
04 February 2008 U.S. to join negotiations on investment and financial services PDF

Source: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australian Government; Ministerio de Comercio Exterior y Turismo, Perú (MINCETUR); Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR); The White House


  Texts
   

The text released on 26 January 2016 supersedes the version of the TPP text that was released on 5 November 2015. The Agreement will also be translated into French and Spanish language versions.

26 January 2016 Legally verified Text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement New!
05 November 2015 Text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement
  Related Articles and Studies
   
07 December 2009 Congressional Research Service, United States. The Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement InglésPDF

  Sources
   

 

Spanish version 
Recent Developments
  04 February 2016. Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement is formally signed New!
  bulletTrans-Pacific Partnership Ministers' Statement New!
  26 January 2016. New Zealand releases final TPP text New!
  bullet Legally verified Text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement New!

Contents
 
   

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