On 17-21 May 2010, in Kiev, Ukraine, Canada and Ukraine begun free trade negotiations. The second round of free trade
negotiations was held in Kiev, from 16 to 20 May 2011. The third round of negotiations took place in November 2011 in Ottawa, Canada. The fourth round and fifth rounds were held in Kiev in April 2012 and September 2012, respectively. On January 26, 2015, Canada and Ukraine issued a statement announcing their political commitment to accelerate work on free trade negotiations. Six rounds of negotiations were held between 2010 and 2015. On 14 July 2015, the governments of Canada and Ukraine announced the conclusion of negotiations toward the Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement (CUFTA).
The Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement (CUFTA) was signed on July 11, 2016.